Pomonkey North (18CH73)
Pomonkey North (18CH73) represents a multi-component prehistoric site
dating from the Late Archaic and the Early Woodland to Middle Woodland periods.
The site, located on private property on Pomonkey Neck, was initially identified
in 1970. The Charles County Archeological Society conducted archaeological work
at the site between 2012 and 2014, in an attempt to learn more about the site.
Shovel test pits (276) were excavated at 25 foot intervals and a total of 2,883
artifacts were recovered. These artifacts included pottery associated with the
Early Woodland through the early Middle Woodland periods. Approximately 74% of
the pottery was the Early Woodland variety called Accokeek, and 22% was Pope's
Creek, a late Early Woodland and early Middle Woodland type. Five percent of the
pottery was Potomac Creek or Moyaone, both dating to the Late Woodland. Some of
the projectile points suggest occupation dating to the Late Archaic period:
Susquehanna Broadspear, Bare Island and Fishtail.
The archaeological work also included the excavation of 5 by 5 foot test units.
Eight units were placed in the northern portion of the project area, overlooking the
creek. These units yielded 9.004 artifacts, as well as several stratigraphic areas
of interest. Several units contained a working floor with numerous flakes and
fire-cracked rock. Several pit features, one containing charcoal and another with
10.7 kg of fire-cracked rock, were also found in these test units.
Four test units were excavated further inland from the creek and recovered a possible
late Middle Woodland component, as well as a Late Archaic component. A final test
unit was dug west of Fenwick Road prior to new drain field construction. Most of
the pottery there dated to the Early/Middle Woodland—Accokeek and Pope's Creek.
(Written by Patricia Samford)