Benson-Hammond Site (18AN497)
The Benson-Hammond site (18AN497) is the archaeological
remains associated with the Benson-Hammond House (AA-118),
a standing 19th century house and farmstead on state-owned
Baltimore-Washington International (BWI) Airport property
near Linthicum in Anne Arundel County. The house itself
is a 2½ story, 6 bay by 2 bay, 19th century brick dwelling,
constructed in the Greek Revival style.
The first documented archaeological work ever conducted at
18AN497 occurred in the summer of 1979 to investigate 1)
the former location of the front porch prior to its
reconstruction, 2) the former location of an ell addition
extending from the west wall of the house, 3) the entrance
to the cellar of the house, and 4) the proposed alignment
of a utility trench running from the northwest corner of
the house to the intersection of two nearby roads.
The next field project at 18AN497 came in 1987 on behalf of
the Maryland State Highway Administration (SHA). The
archaeological monitoring by MGS of the new driveway and
parking lot for the Benson-Hammond house in 1988 involved
visual monitoring of excavation work with a Gradall.
Another project was carried out in the summer of 1988
in the cellar of the Benson-Hammond House itself.
The most recent archaeological investigation carried out
at the Benson-Hammond Site was an intensive Phase I and
limited Phase II testing program. The 1993 project entailed
the excavation of 69 shovel test pits and ten 1.514 X 1.524
m (5 X 5 ft) formal test units. Several features were
identified, including post holes, an ash pit, a basin-shaped
pit of unknown function, a brick rubble deposit thought to
be associated with a 19th century smokehouse, rubble from a
chicken coop, rubble remnants from a destroyed springhouse,
the brick foundation of the springhouse, a modern utility
trench, a planting hole, a possible tree root, driveway and
road remnants, and unidentified features.
Historical Trust Synthesis Project)