Sites by County, Baltimore City (32)

List of features grouped by site. Click on the plus sign to expand that site; click again to close the expanded panel. Click on the site number to view the site summary.

18BC17Robert Long House  (2 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC17 Long House CellarMixed deposit, dug by Archeological Society of Maryland. Some indications of stratagraphic floors, but no field notes found.
18BC17 PrivyBarrel privy discovered by Archeological Society of Maryland. No field notes.

18BC27Federal Reserve  (45 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC27 Feature 1Brick-lined well, 3' 6" internal diameter. See Samford et al report.
18BC27 Feature 1 SouthPrivy slightly disturbed by bottle hunters.
18BC27 Feature 10Bottom barrel of barrel privy, 16" diameter, 1' 10" deep.
18BC27 Feature 11Barrel privy, 1' 7" diameter and containing piston mechanism maybe associated with fire company building on Barre Street. Wood, seeds, and bone only.
18BC27 Feature 12Brick-lined well, 3' 5" diamter. Only recovered iron, terracotta piping & oyter shell. At least 12 feet deep.
18BC27 Feature 13Brick-lined well, 3' 6" diameter. At least 6 feet deep, only a little over 1 foot of fill excavated.
18BC27 Feature 14Two-part privy, upper a single course brick pit, arch shaped, 5' 5" x 3' 3" x 1' deep. Second, smaller shaft, brick-lined 1' 2" x 2' 6" x 4' deep.
18BC27 Feature 15Iron drain pipe filled with commercial debris from laundry at 518 Sharpe Street. Not all iron concretions dissolved for artifact recovery. See Samford et al.
18BC27 Feature 16Brick-lined privy, 7x5 feet, see Samford et al.
18BC27 Feature 17Round, brick-lined privy, 2' 4" diameter. See Samford et al.
18BC27 Feature 19Complex of brick walls, sand & lime mortar, sewer pipe, bone, and architectural stone.
18BC27 Feature 2Scatter of masonry elements.
18BC27 Feature 2 SouthBrick-lined privy, 3'6" diameter, 1'5" deep.
18BC27 Feature 20Brick foundation wall for former structure on north side of Barre St.
18BC27 Feature 22Brick-lined pit, probable privy. 6' x 3' 4" x 10" deep.
18BC27 Feature 23Privy, artifacts only salvaged due to feature collapse.
18BC27 Feature 25Wood-lined privy, completely destroyed by Gradall before excavation.
18BC27 Feature 26Brick-lined well converted to privy, 3' 4" diameter, see Samford et al and Basalik 1994.
18BC27 Feature 27Possible privy.
18BC27 Feature 28Circular, brick-lined privy, 3' 5" diameter x 3' 8" deep. Neimyer lived at 75 Lee Street.
18BC27 Feature 3Complex of cement foundations.
18BC27 Feature 30ASquare brick drain box & pipe, 2' 4". Square brick drain box & pipe, 2' 4" square
18BC27 Feature 30BBrick-lined privy, 7' 6" x 3' 3". Completely excavated, 2' 6" deep. See Samford et al and Basalik 1994. Medical garbage from dispensary and household.
18BC27 Feature 31Oval brick-lined pit, no notes on it in McCarthy & Basalik. Owner of lot was John Neimyer.
18BC27 Feature 32Two cellar floors, one brick, one wood. Could not be dated.
18BC27 Feature 33Brick-lined well, disturbed upper layers of fill.
18BC27 Feature 34Basements of two dwellings. Artifacts in-situ and kitchen midden collapsed timbers and packed clay floor. Artifacts mapped on floor.
18BC27 Feature 35Brick-lined well, contained some brick rubble, and capped at top.
18BC27 Feature 36Brick-lined circular pit. Well re-used as privy, 2' 10" diameter, 5' deep.
18BC27 Feature 37Base of brick-lined well. At least 14' deep. Filled with ash. Base of Feature 12?
18BC27 Feature 38Brick-lined privy. 3'9"x4'x2' deep.
18BC27 Feature 39Packed clay basement floor. Mostly bottle glass.
18BC27 Feature 4Barre Street foundation wall and structural remains of cellar and cellar stair.
18BC27 Feature 4 SouthLooted privy. Artifacts collected from surface surrounding feature.
18BC27 Feature 41Cellar with packed clay floor for structure that faced north on Welcome Alley.
18BC27 Feature 42Brick-lined circular privy.
18BC27 Feature 43Cellar complex on Lee Street.
18BC27 Feature 45Circular brick drain. 4" diameter.
18BC27 Feature 46Unlined privy. Oval, 2'8"x1'6'x2" deep.
18BC27 Feature 47Brick-lined privy. 3' deep.
18BC27 Feature 5Brick-lined rectangular feature, 8 ft wide, part of feature 21 (late 19th century drain).
18BC27 Feature 6Privy base, brick lining on wooden stretchers, 1 foot depth.
18BC27 Feature 7Wood-lined rectangular privy, 3' 9" x 5' 3" x 2' 4" deep.
18BC27 Feature 8Tunnel-shaped well. See Samford et al.
18BC27 Feature 9Brick-lined square pit, 2x2 feet, filled with brick bats and oyster shell. No other cultural materials.

18BC32H and S Bakery  (20 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC32 Feature 1Shallow refuse pit beneath remains of late 19th century Belgian block courtyard. No artifact catalog.
18BC32 Feature 10Shallow ditch. Possibly an old fence line. No artifact catalog.
18BC32 Feature 11Small rectangular pit above Feature 19. Contained within yellow clay that was brought in to cap the entire backyard.
18BC32 Feature 126" square post. Predates Feature 18. No artifact catalog.
18BC32 Feature 13Roughly rectangular privy. Notes say feature was left intact, however, artifacts are catalogued.
18BC32 Feature 15Posthole.
18BC32 Feature 16Destroyed privy. No artifact catalog.
18BC32 Feature 17Destroyed privy.
18BC32 Feature 185" postmold. Probably structural support for frame addition.
18BC32 Feature 19Wood-lined barrel or privy.
18BC32 Feature 2Unlined probable privy shaft. 3' diameter, extends deeper than 3'. No artifact catalog.
18BC32 Feature 20Rectangular brick-lined privy. List of faunal analysis, but no write up.
18BC32 Feature 21Wood-lined privy. Destroyed by trench.
18BC32 Feature 22Barrel privy. List of faunal analysis, but no write up.
18BC32 Feature 23Barrel privy. No artifact catalog.
18BC32 Feature 3Shallow pit. No artifact catalog.
18BC32 Feature 6Pit feature.
18BC32 Feature 7Brick-lined shaft. 5' square. No artifact catalog.
18BC32 Feature 8Rectangular pit filled with ash and refuse. 10' long. Artifact counts for Features 8 and 9 combined in catalog.
18BC32 Feature 9Brick wall segment. Possible disturbed privy. Artifact counts for Features 8 and 9 combined in catalog.

18BC38Clagett's Brewery  (15 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC38 DrivewayOn east side Structure 1, surfaced with Belgian blocks
18BC38 Feature 27Brick floor of Structure 3, brick laid "soldier" fashion mortared with concrete, alcohol bottles, wash basin, cigarette filters
18BC38 Feature 3bCobblestone road, schist
18BC38 Feature 57AKA Structure 5, line of brick abutted by stone, 9.5 feet x over 6.7 feet
18BC38 Feature 58Brick structural foundatios, possibly L-shaped, shown on 1880-1890 Sanborn maps, destroyed c. 1906, office?
18BC38 Feature 59Stone foundation, possibly L-shaped, shown on 1880-1890 Sanborn maps, destroyed c. 1906
18BC38 Feature 6Brick foundation over privy, 7.1 x 3.5 foot dimensions, mortared, no dateable artifacts in builder's trench
18BC38 PrivyAssociated with brewery, just outside attached kitchen of Structure 2, circular, 6.4 feet wide x 8.4 feet deep, lined dry-laid brick, P4 associated with Peters family (c. 1812-1820). Bottom layer associated with Peters family, then fill, then Clagett debris (P2 with Clagett family?)
18BC38 Stratum C-4Upper floor, sgtratum in cellar, contained perforated malting bricks and tiles, bricks mid 19th c.
18BC38 Stratum C-7Possibly drainage ditch in Structure 2 cellar
18BC38 Structure 1aBrick building associated with casket company , demolished 1970s, no dateable artifacts in builder's trench
18BC38 Structure 1bBrick structure, earlier portion of Structure 1, probably built c. 1850
18BC38 Structure 2Basement of two-story structure, 41 x 28 feet with 17 x 25 foot cellar, decorated with stucco and wallpaper, cut stone walls
18BC38 Structure 3Foundation of 5-story brick building for Atlantic Furniture Co., built between 1880 and 1890, later National Casket Co. 180 x 50 feet, demolition debris, stamped casket handles
18BC38 Structure 3 Phase 31950s/60s "urban nomad" camping station debris

18BC48Albemarle Rowhouse  (4 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC48 ChimneyBasement chimney of 44 Albemarle St. rowhouse
18BC48 Feature 45 by 5 foot brick foundation; privy; Bags 172, 166, 165, 174; ER 6, 7, 8
18BC48 Feature 5Privy or well, NW corner near yard
18BC48 Feature 8Unidentified pit, cut subsoil

18BC49Albemarle Rowhouse  (10 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC49 Feature 1Brick paving/walk, 5.5 by 3.6 feet inside basement floor of new house; 3 courses deep; maybe platform for mid-19th century blacksmith; Fehte family
18BC49 Feature 10Builder's trench for south wall of rowhouse, under pipe trench south wall of E.G.
18BC49 Feature 10ABrick trench drain along southern property line in rear yard, 46 Albemarle Street
18BC49 Feature 2Wooden sill/beam; for back door of 46 Albemarle Street; cameo found under sill
18BC49 Feature 3Wooden sill, date based on machine cut nail, adjacent to Feature 1, brick pad
18BC49 Feature 3APit feature, approximately 5 foot diameter, circular; no supporting wire nails; structure of brick, stone, or wood; believed to be privy
18BC49 Feature 5Posthole, possibly related to stairway into cellar at 46 Albemarle Street
18BC49 Feature 6Wood lined pit, contained layers of red and white coal, ash, and stone; wire nails
18BC49 Feature 7Loose dark soil flecked with charcoal
18BC49 Feature 8Wooden sill under Feature 1; layer of charcoal between Features 1 and 8

18BC50Albemarle Rowhouse  (10 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC50 ER 37A/BTesting of cellar hole at 802 E Lombard Street; lot of bone
18BC50 ER 38ATesting of cellar at 802 E Lombard St.; lot of bone
18BC50 Feature 13Possible privy (ER 36), levels B-F tested; associated with 802 and 804 E Lombard Street properties, possibly associated with Lewis Scotti or Frederick Entante; privy capped with orange clay; ER 36
18BC50 Feature 14Broken brick laid in rectangular pattern
18BC50 Feature 15Cistern?; brick lined feature with mortared interior ER 40; 5.5 by 6.5 feet, one brick wide, 5 feet deep; coal in NW corner
18BC50 Feature 17Partial wooden floor for 802 E Lombard St. cellar
18BC50 Feature 18Privy (ER 47), circa 1801-1816; excavated in arbitrary one inch levels within natural levels; seven levels
18BC50 Feature 6Vault (ER 5), 16 by 8 feet, vaulted, 103 square feet; altered in 1880s by deepening it 2 feet; early 20th century fill of industrial ceramics; used for food and beverage storage; arched brick vaulted ceiling; stone walls; later deepened area use of brick to extend lower
18BC50 Feature 6aBrick foundation of north and east wall 802 E Lombard St.
18BC50 Feature 8Privy or well, NW corner of 802 Lombard; not tested

18BC51Levering Coffee House  (25 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC51 Feature 13Bulkhead/Crib wharf.
18BC51 Feature 14Bulkhead/Crib wharf.
18BC51 Feature 15Cache. Redware pot with horseshoe in it buried beneath floor of Structure 2.
18BC51 Feature 17Knotted wood bulkhead remains.
18BC51 Feature 18Contained building destruction debris.
18BC51 Feature 19Builder's trench for stone footer pier of warehouse.
18BC51 Feature 2Bulkhead/Crib wharf. Used to extend land and create a pier.
18BC51 Feature 27 
18BC51 Feature 28Associated with Structure 3, Lot 54.
18BC51 Feature 30Wooden plank floor overlain by Layers 7 and 8. Lot 54.
18BC51 Feature 34Five levels. Levels 1, 2, 3= 1850-1870. Level 4=1800-1850, Level 5= 1780; mostly wine bottles.
18BC51 Feature 35Builder's trench for brick wall that extends south from Structure 1 addition.
18BC51 Feature 36Builder's trench for brick wall of possible addition to Structure 1.
18BC51 Feature 49Wooden drain pipe.
18BC51 Feature 53"U" shaped wood feature.
18BC51 Feature 56Wooden trough drain, coal.
18BC51 Feature 60Shallow wood box, 65" x 42". Contains tar.
18BC51 Feature 62Wooden drain.
18BC51 Feature 63Builder's trench for Feature 62 drain.
18BC51 Feature 67Pit of unspecified function in Warehouse 4.
18BC51 Lower PavingLower brick floor in cellar structure 1, level 12 above it also dated to 1790's.
18BC51 PrivyAssociated with Structure 3. No feature number assigned.
18BC51 Structure 1Townhouse. Two sets of fireplace footers and herringbone brick floor.
18BC51 Structure 3Stone paved floor and one set of fireplace supports. Stone foundation.
18BC51 Upper PavingUnderlain by Levels 7 and 8, dating to ca. 1835.

18BC52Queen Street Lot 23  (10 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC52 Feature 10Rectangular, brick-lined pit. Possible cistern or outbuilding.
18BC52 Feature 13Round, unlined privy hole. Superimposes Features 12, 14, 17.
18BC52 Feature 14Round privy hole, no barrel, unlined.
18BC52 Feature 17Round privy, intrudes Feature 13.
18BC52 Feature 4Square wood-lined trash pit located in back yard.
18BC52 Feature 6Privy, wood-lined square base with 4 wood posts and 3 sides of boards. Round wood barrel in center west half of feature. Backyard.
18BC52 Feature 6AWooden barrel and fill from inside Feature 6. Looted/destroyed during excavation.
18BC52 Feature 7Circular dark stain. Basin-shaped profile.
18BC52 Structure 1Unit P-48, SW quarter.
18BC52 Structure 5A lot of rubble. Creamware, porcelain, Unit L-36.

18BC53Miller's Wharf  (1 feature)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC53 Feature 1Midden with one course of brick running through. Most of the artifacts are from south of Wall 3 made of yellow brick.

18BC56American Can Company  (3 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC56 Concrete FooterFooter from c. 1952 ACC shipping warehouse, in Trench C
18BC56 Dillon Street Storm DrainDillon Street lateral storm water brick drain, 5.5 feet below grade, 4 feet diamter, still functional, in Trench A
18BC56 Trench C and Trench D, Level FRedposited fill around Harford Run drain, household artifacts, and industrial debis (Abbott Iron Works), brought in late 19th c.

18BC57Bond Street Site (London Coffeehouse)  (14 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC57 Addition-Kitchen? 
18BC57 Brick Foundation856 Bond Street.
18BC57 Brick HearthCould find no evidence in report for why this is considered a brewery.
18BC57 Brick PavingBrick paving.
18BC57 Brick Wall3/4 of structure covered by backhoe.
18BC57 Cellar (854 Bond St.)Cellar and foundation of a wing to 854 Bond Street.
18BC57 Cellar (Wells House)Stone floor.
18BC57 Feature 1On lot 856 Bond Street. Feature location lost. General merchantile in early 20th century.
18BC57 Feature 2856 Bond Street. Also contains earlier layer with mid-19th century artifacts.
18BC57 Fireplace Footers2 sets of fireplace footers. House built ca. 1779.
18BC57 Foundation 
18BC57 HearthHearth/chimney.
18BC57 MiddenSheet midden.
18BC57 OvenBrick bake oven in rear addition of 854 Bond Street.

18BC62Pier 5  (22 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC62 Feature 1Plank flooring, sample of wood and nails saved
18BC62 Feature 10Cobbestone walkway, possibly Eastern Avenue; large number of coconuts in road fill, from fruit packing company
18BC62 Feature 12Box shaped feature forming drain for pier; circular saw marks on board
18BC62 Feature 13Wooden box with three layers of fill, 2.5 by 5.7 feet; some tin cans and solder in assemblage
18BC62 Feature 14Wharf timber, possibly part of housing joint; possibly part of outer cribbing
18BC62 Feature 15Two perpendicular boards that were likely part of ca. 1807 creation of pier
18BC62 Feature 16Belgian Block Road
18BC62 Feature 2Cobblestone pavement; quartz; probably lumber alley
18BC62 Feature 3Brick pier for east wall; wooden footing, planks; ca. 5 by 5 feet square; artifacts from layer covering pier
18BC62 Feature 39Redware midden; probably Brown pottery; in Trench E; 18 kiln tiles and kiln furniture
18BC62 Feature 4Brick pier for east wall resting on wooden footing; planks; 5 courses brick
18BC62 Feature 5Large wooden beam believed to represent wharf cribbing
18BC62 Feature 6Wooden beam believed to be wharf cribbing
18BC62 Feature 7Large oil tank used for heating solder for making cans; later R. Tynes Smith Canning Co. (1890-1904)
18BC62 Feature 8Brick walkway near oil tank
18BC62 Feature 9Two parallel wooden beams believed to have served as superstructure for oil tank
18BC62 Layer NWood chip layer, probably debris from saw mill; Trench E
18BC62 Layer OSawdust/wood chip layer, from sawmill on Pier 5; crib fill layer
18BC62 Layer PMidden in Trench E; pier crib fill
18BC62 Layer VTrench E; pier crib fill, leather midden; horse harness, shoe leather
18BC62 Layer VDomestic refuse and leather, maybe related to leather tanning; Trench E
18BC62 Layers G and HButcher market debris, possibly from Marsh market; environmental and seed remains

18BC63Pier 6  (6 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC63 Feature 48Stone foundation 2 ffet wide; resting on 2 heavy wooden timbers
18BC63 Feature 50Builder's trench for Feature 48 foundation; for repair to foundation
18BC63 Layers S and TTrench G; flood deposits
18BC63 Trench G, Layer RDestruction rubble post 1904 fire for fruit plant
18BC63 Trench G, Layer SFlood deposits from 1868 flooding of Jones Falls
18BC63 Trench G, Layer TFlood deposit from 1837 flooding Jones Falls

18BC66Shot Tower Subway Station  (28 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC66 Feature 10Flagstone floor
18BC66 Feature 11East wall for backyard Structure 3
18BC66 Feature 12Brick sill separating Feature 9 and Feature 16 (two areas of paving at different levels)
18BC66 Feature 13Wooden privy post; post preserved; part of privy enclosure
18BC66 Feature 13 (A,B,C)Brick(?) foundation of back building for Structure 3; 12.5 feet E/W by 24 feet N/S; is this Structure 7 from Phase II?
18BC66 Feature 13AWood privy paling; part of privy enclosure; note: another feature (structure) given this feature number in Phase III work
18BC66 Feature 14Oval brick lined privy enclosed in 3 x 5 feet brick foundation, set against east wall of Structure 3 backyard; cleaned out and filled before being abandoned; only 1 foot of cultural material
18BC66 Feature 16Herring bone paving in SE portion backyard Structure 3
18BC66 Feature 17Back building for Structure 3; 8 feet by 28 feet N/S; 7 feet from south end of Structure 3; replaced in mid-19th century by Feature 13
18BC66 Feature 1BEast brick foundation of 711 E Baltimore Street
18BC66 Feature 21Brick lined privy for 709 E Baltimore St; 2.5 foot diameter; sealed circa 1810 with vaulted niched that was part of Feature 11; contained 5 levels, including sterile clay cap and night soil, many seeds and bones; note: called Feature 12 in Phase II project; 298 artifacts Phase II and unknown number Phase III; over 100,000 seeds, wide range
18BC66 Feature 22Foundation and ash pit for suspected oven; hinges and iron door
18BC66 Feature 23Foundation and ash for suspected oven; hinges and iron door
18BC66 Feature 24Wooden box privy in SE corner of property; 35 feet from SE wall Structure 3; 5 by 5 feet, 4 feet deep; sampled only due to time constraints
18BC66 Feature 25Herringbone brick paving in rear yard of Structure 3
18BC66 Feature 26Brick work pad just outside cellar door, sloped for drainage
18BC66 Feature 27Dry laid brick cellar floor; just above floor was layer of 1904 burned store material
18BC66 Feature 4 (A-G)Foundation walls for Maryland Institute (1907-1969)
18BC66 Feature 5AStone west fourndation of 709 Baltimore St., called F3 in Phase II
18BC66 Feature 5CWest massive foundation underlying F5A and F5B for Structure 3
18BC66 Feature 6AEast stone foundation at 709, burned 1904, stock burned in cellar; in Trench 1 (Layers F and G), burned bag grain on floor, and peas, apples, rice, coffee
18BC66 Feature 6BWest brick foundation of 711 E Baltimore Street, called F2A in Phase II
18BC66 Feature 6CMassive stone foundation underlying F6A, F6B for Structures 2 and 3
18BC66 Feature 7South stone foundation, 711 E Baltimore St., structure destroyed 1904 fire
18BC66 Feature 7ABrick yard wall foundation, 711 E Baltimore
18BC66 Feature 8A-FSet of stone features forming brick cellar entrance, south wall and window opening in south foundation of Structure 3
18BC66 Feature 9Brick paving that replaced Feature 25 in Structure 3 backyard
18BC66 Layers D1 and ETwo burned layers from Reiter & Co. grocery store; 1904 fire

18BC79Ruth Saloon  (5 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC79 Feature R1Brick foundation rowhouse along north side of Conway Street. Interior filled with destruction debris. Probably original Whittington house, then became saloon later in 19th century.
18BC79 Feature R2Brick-lined coal chute into Feature R1. Barrel covered top of chute.
18BC79 Feature R3Brick fence separating George Ruth lot.
18BC79 Feature R4Brick pier and short wall associated with Privy R5.
18BC79 Feature R5Brick-lined privy. Later wooden foundation placed on top of brick privy and 2 barrel privies placed inside (date to George Ruth Saloon era). No artifacts in these privies. Architectural materials sampled only, no soil samples.

18BC80Privy 19A01  (1 feature)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC80 Feature 19A01Privy most likely associated with 503-505 Burgundy Street/Alley (African-American residents), but possibly a dwelling on Conway Street (Irish and German immigrants). Also associated with brick walkway included in same feature number. 1% architectural materials retained. Stratified layers of different dates.

18BC81Privy 3  (1 feature)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC81 Feature R3Multi-family privy, 4 seater. Only lowest 10.63" fill remained. 428 or 426 West Conway Street. 100% artifacts retained.

18BC82Donut Delight (Property 2)  (6 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC82 Feature 2801Brick foundation. Field notes only.
18BC82 Feature 3001Brick foundation wall. No associated artifacts
18BC82 Feature 3101Series of granite curbstones marking original edge of Conway Street (prior to 1953).
18BC82 Feature 3501Brick foundation.
18BC82 Feature 3502Brick and cement pier associated with Feature 3502.
18BC82 Feature 3701Brick foundation wall.

18BC83Diggs-Johnson (MSA-06)  (3 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC83 Feature 4501Deposit of organic soils found in machine trench. Contained 41 leather shoe fragments.
18BC83 Feature 4701Brick foundation wall, 1.5 brick wide.
18BC83 Feature 50A01Shallow brick foundation of rowhouse. 1.5 brick wide.

18BC84Southern Seafood (Property 10)  (2 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC84 Feature 2401Stone foundation. Filled with mostly brick rubble and virtually no soil
18BC84 Feature 2501Stone foundation. Cellar filled with brick rubble and virtually no soil.

18BC85Ramcor (Property 9)  (2 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC85 Feature 7701Stone foundation, builder's trench. West Barre Street. Mayer built 3 story rowhouse by late 1850's, as early as 1851.
18BC85 Trench 77Sheet midden that accumulated prior to ca. 1850 rowhouse construction and probably during rowhouse occupation. Test Trench 77, E Unit 3 and E Unit 4.

18BC86Heat and Power Company (Property 12)  (2 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC86 Feature 6601Brick foundation for rowhouse. Rubble fill from destruction in Trench 66.
18BC86 Feature 6701Brick foundation for rowhouse. Rubble fill from destruction in Trench 67.

18BC88Pawley Stoneware Kiln  (10 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC88 Feature 8102Circular kiln foundation, 9.84" diameter; includes 2 fireboxes, a lot of wasters and kiln furniture. Catalog separated by kiln area. Phase II in 1990, Phas III in 1996. (9,677 Phase III, 2,494 Phase II) (Upper middle class)
18BC88 Feature C01Robber's trench for brick foundation. Excavated in Test Units 1 and 2. Test Unit 1 may also contain builder's trench artifacts, dug as one.
18BC88 Feature C3-APosthole with poured concrete post support.
18BC88 Feature C3-BBuilder's trench for brick foundation wall.
18BC88 Feature C3-CBuilder's trench for brick foundation.
18BC88 Feature D2Builder's trench for brick foundation rowhouse wall. Construction sometime after c. 1830.
18BC88 Feature D3Shallow fill relating to rowhouse demolition.
18BC88 Feature D4Shallow fill associated with rowhouse demolition.
18BC88 Feature D5Builder's trench for north-south running brick foundation (rowhouse).
18BC88 Features 8101 & 8101AArea of brick rubble & kiln furniture in front of fire box and kiln mouth. Some looting of this area during excavation. 8101 & 8101A artifacts not separated in catalog.

18BC89J.S. Berry Firebrick Company Pug Mill  (3 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC89 Feature 8201Circular brick structure, 4.25' diameter. Possible smokestack or clay pit associated with brickworks shown on 1890 Sanborn Map. Slag filled. This feature only discussed in field records.
18BC89 Feature 8202Circular brick structure, unknown diameter. Seems to match Feature 8201. Filled with slag. Only discussed in field records.
18BC89 Feature 8301Horse-powered pug mill. Artifacts found in association with mill are from late 19th/early 20th century domestic occupation. Great deal of intact wood remains of pug mill (wooden deck, subflooring, wooden tub).

18BC90Eliza Dorsey Site  (3 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC90 Feature 5501Brick pier, 14 courses high.
18BC90 Feature 5701Brick foundation with brick rubble filled cellar. Although structures associated with Dorsey occupation standing by 1801, artifacts from the foundations discovered thru trenching are late 19th/early 20th century.
18BC90 Feature 5801Brick foundations, 1.5 bricks wide, concrete floor.

18BC101Leakin Park/Crimea  (1 feature)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC101 Non-Feature Assemblage44 STPs in Phase I, 34 STPs in Phase II, and 6 1x1 m units. Domestic assemblage, creamware to whiteware ceramics

18BC132826-830 Mechanics Court  (8 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC132 Feature 1Brick foundation, rowhouse, ~2-' x 5' (truncated).
18BC132 Feature 12Top barrel of 2-barrel privy, #826 Mechanics Court household waste, ash & building debris. "Home Rule" tobacco pipe.
18BC132 Feature 12ABarrel privy, lower barrel, 826 Mechanics Court household waste, ash & building debris. "Home Rule" tobacco pipe.
18BC132 Feature 18At front of probable open space, east side of #830 Mechanics Court.
18BC132 Feature 2Curtain wall between #828 & #830 Mechanics Court.
18BC132 Feature 3Shared by #828 & #830 Mechanics Court; oval shaft lined with brick.
18BC132 Feature 4Possible paved alleyway entrance between 826 & 828 Mechanics Court.
18BC132 Feature 5Possible brick chimney base for 826 Mechanics Court.

18BC133The Independent Grays' Privy  (3 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC133 Feature 1Privy shaft fill, brick foundation, 3 temporal periods. Stratum 1= 1930s-40s fill with demolition debris (453 artifacts). Strata 2 and 3= late 19th/early 20th century domestic debris (~3,500 artifacts). Stratum 4= c. 1860s-70s militia group fill (43 artifacts).
18BC133 Feature 2Wagon shed. 1880 census shows Lafferty, a drayman, as living in the immediate vicinity.
18BC133 Feature 3Builder's trench for Feature 1; creamware & redware.

18BC135426-432 North Exeter Street  (21 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC135 Feature 20Single course brick wall, 426 Exeter Stree. May have been part of structure for Feature 22 privy.
18BC135 Feature 22Brick-lined, round privy; vandalized by looters. Associated with 426 N. Exeter Street. 7 strata (5 excavated). Stratum 4= 1st half 20th century, earlier 19th century deposits vandalized.
18BC135 Feature 23Brick wall, may be associated with Feature 22 privy.
18BC135 Feature 24Round, brick-lined privy, associated with 428 N. Exeter Street. Six strata, most fill late 19th-early 20th century.
18BC135 Feature 25ABarrel privy; part of "2-seater" serving 428 N. Exeter Street.
18BC135 Feature 25BBarrel privy; part of "2-seater" serving 428 N. Exeter Street.
18BC135 Feature 30Posthole denoting fence between 430 & 432 N. Exeter Street. Combined count of 14 artifacts noted on Feature 33.
18BC135 Feature 31Posthole denoting fence between 430 & 432 N. Exeter Street. Combined count of 14 artifacts noted on Feature 33.
18BC135 Feature 32Posthole denoting fence between 430 & 432 N. Exeter Street. Combined count of 14 artifacts noted on Feature 33.
18BC135 Feature 33Posthole denoting fence between 430 & 432 N. Exeter Street. Combined count of 14 artifacts noted on Feature 33.
18BC135 Feature 34Barrel privy, 432 N. Exeter Street. Mixed 19th-early 20th century deposit.
18BC135 Feature 35Brick-lined, round privy. Vandalized by looters, 432 N. Exeter Street. Seven strata total (5 excavated). Early 20th century deposits excavated; lower (1830-1890) levels vandalized by looters.
18BC135 Feature 36Brick foundation, southern wall of sugar refinery. Cellar with herringbone brick floor. Artifacts from cellar strata V & VI are from A. Shutt sugar refinery.
18BC135 Feature 38Possible barrel privy; 430 N. Exeter Street. Only 2 diagnostics dating to first two decades of 19th century.
18BC135 Feature 39Brick foundation; rear wall of rowhouse at 432 N. Exeter Street.
18BC135 Feature 41Brick foundation; rear wall, rowhouse 428 N. Exeter Street.
18BC135 Feature 42Brick foundation; rear wall of row house at 927 N. Hillen Street.
18BC135 Feature 43Brick foundation, north wall of sugar refinery.
18BC135 Feature 44Barrel privy, 432 N. Exeter Street.
18BC135 Feature 6-01Brick-lined oval privy shaft; 925-927 Hillen Street, served 2 families. Eight strata, possibly vandalized. Hahn owned upholstery business.
18BC135 Feature 7-01Unmortared brick foundation & square brick-lined well/privy shaft, 430 N. Exeter Street. 100% excavated. Strata I & II= second quarter 19th century rowhouse occupation. Strata V & VI associated with Shutt sugar refinery. Sugar cones and syrup jars.

18BC139Bull's Head Tavern  (47 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot North Feature 1Northern rowhouse chimney footer, 5 artifacts from stratum associated with Features 1 & 2. 433 North Front Street.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot North Feature 10Northern rowhouse, brick foundation (continuation of Rowhouse Lot North, Feature 2); associated with Rowhouse Lot North Features 35 and 36. Construction post 1720.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot North Feature 13Northern rowhouse, addition to original brick rowhouse foundation.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot North Feature 2Northern rowhouse brick foundation. Five artifacts from stratum associated with Features 1 and 2. Also associated with Rowhouse North Lot Features 10, 7, 35 & 36. Ca. 1720 construction; late 18th/early 19th century demolition.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot North Feature 32/32ANorthern rowhouse; builder's trench for Rowhouse Lot North Feature 4 . L-shaped wagon house shown on 1914 Sanborn map. Built late 19th/early 20th century.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot North Feature 33Northern rowhouse, possible robber trench (shallow trench) for earlier structure removed post 1820/ possibly as late as 1850s (p. 348). 21 ft wide frame rowhouse demolished in 1850s (p. 348).
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot North Feature 34Northern rowhouse, remnant brick wall parallel to Rowhouse Lot North Feature 33, probably construction activity preceding ownership of John Thorne.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot North Feature 35Northern rowhouse, rubble fill in SE corner cellar.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot North Feature 36Northern rowhouse, cellar fill, overlain by Rowhouse Lot North Feature 35.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot North Feature 4Northern rowhouse, builder's trench for structual foundation of addition built late 19th/early 20th century. "Wagon house" L-shaped on 1914 Sanborn Map. Same as Feature 32/32A.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot North Feature 7Northern rowhouse, in Test Unit 32, 5 courses of brick paving; p. 1795 ceramics in sand bed used to set brick provides 19th century paving date.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 12Remnant brick foundation.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 14Pit filled in late 19th/early 20th century demolition with earlier midden.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 16Cobblestone and brick paving. Artifacts collected above and below paving.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 17Southern rowhouse, 431 N. Front Street. Brick foundation, addition abutting southern foundation of northern rowhouse. 21 foot frame rowhouse destroyed in 1850s. Wall oddly reinforced. *Report has 2 conflicting dates for construction, post 1779 or post 1815.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 19Remnant unmortared brick foundation, probably supported small frame structure.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 20Enclosed rear yard, southern rowhouse.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 21Unknown pit, NW quadrant.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 23Fence enclosing southern rowhouse. * See Rowhouse Lot South Feature 24 for combined artifact count.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 24Fence enclosing southern rowhouse (artifact count of 38 is for both 23 and 24)
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 26Builder's trench.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 27Robber trench.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 3Southern rowhouse, 3'x6' 2-course chimney.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 30Dog burial, possible fox hound.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 37Southern rowhouse, builder's trench, same as Rowhouse Lot South Features 40 & 41, 37.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 38Southern rowhouse; builder's trench for brick foundation (Rowhouse Lot South Feature 17). Note- report (p. 332 & 339) has 2 conflicting building construction dates.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 39Southern rowhouse, 7 layers of cellar fill, main bulk dates 1820.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 40Southern rowhouse, builder's trench, same as Rowhouse Lot South Features 37 , 40, & 41.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 41Southern rowhouse; builder's trench, same as Rowhouse Lot South Features 37, 30.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 5Brick foundation for privy.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 6Southern rowhouse; rectangular foundation that overlaps Rowhouse Lot South Feature 17. Brick rowhouse, 3.5 story, built 1850s by Thorne.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 8Barrel privy in rear yard area of Rowhouse Lot South. 6" deep deposit.
18BC139 Rowhouse Lot South Feature 9Brick lined shaft, oval, 5x6.5 feet x 8.5 feet deep. Served two affluent/upper middle class households, 50% sample. Possible local slipware, John Brown (p. 372). Note: Notable artifacts include bodkin & bone toothbrush, good Chinese porcelain, high quantity of ceramics, French tin glaze ointment pots.
18BC139 Tavern Lot North Feature 1Timber framed structure 12x16 feet. Wood sill stains & possible piers.
18BC139 Tavern Lot North Feature 11Stone foundation 6x6 ft, possible dairy. Wood floor at base of feature, interior completely excavated.
18BC139 Tavern Lot North Feature 2Brick and stone chimney base. Stone parts mid-18th century & rebuilt mid-19th century.
18BC139 Tavern Lot North Feature 3Hearth.
18BC139 Tavern Lot North Feature 35Large mammal remains within Feature 11.
18BC139 Tavern Lot North Feature 36Street gutter. Shallow, stone rubble filled trench; gutter for mechanical street, gutter for opposite side street in Test Unit 19, but not given feature number.
18BC139 Tavern Lot North Feature 4Cobblestone and stone surface. Constructed mid-19th century, and used until early 20th century.
18BC139 Tavern Lot North Feature 5Deep stone foundation with cellar.
18BC139 Tavern Lot North Occupation SurfaceMid-18th century occupation surface.
18BC139 Tavern Lot North Sheet MiddenDomestic deposit.
18BC139 Tavern Lot South Feature 10Stone ell addition to tavern, un-mortared.
18BC139 Tavern Lot South Feature 29Barrel or wood-lined privy on cobble, circular base.
18BC139 Tavern Lot South Feature 6Stone tavern foundation.
18BC139 Tavern Lot South Feature 7Brick foundation for 20th century modifications to original tavern.

18BC188Stinchcomb Farmstead  (5 features)

FeatureFeature Notes
18BC188 Feature 1/6cut by early 20th c. utility trench, late 19th c. wall?
18BC188 Feature 3in TU 12, crushed oyster and coal
18BC188 Feature 4structural debris associated with Feature 1/6
18BC188 Feature 8possibly associated with stone wall
18BC188 Non-Feature Assemblage47 STPs in Phase I, 45 STPs in Phase II, 8 1x1 meter test units

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