Thinly potted earthenware with a dense, dull-red body and a ginger
colored lead glaze. Decorated by engine turning or with white clay
Fine red earthenwares appear by the early-to-mid 1720s, and decline
in production after 1750. This ware is a good time-marker for the
second quarter of the 18th century
(Noël Hume 1970).
A finely-grained, homogenous earthenware body, with a high-fired
Lead glaze producing a ginger to light-chocolate brown surface color.
Vessels can be plain, decorated with white slip bands around the
rim, or sprig-molded in white pipe clay with animals, flowers, and
royal arms (Noël Hume 1970:70; Poole 1995:54). Some pots were slip
cast in molds, producing raised decorative panels with human and
animal figures or floral motifs, or were painted with gold enamel
on the body (Barker and Halfpenny 1990:23-30).
Forms include teapots and cups, bowls, and coffee pots.
Barker and Halfpenny 1990; Noël
Hume 1970; Poole
Fine red earthenwares are commonly named Astbury Ware after the potter
John Astbury (1686 – 1743), but many other potters in Staffordshire
also made this ceramic, so "Astbury-type" is a more appropriate
name. However, others have suggested that even "Astbury-type"
is misleading, since there is no firm evidence that John Astbury
made this ware, and thus names like "fine red earthenware"
are preferred (Barker and Halfpenny 1990.)